Pig slaughter line is divided into pig dehairing line and pig peeling line. 0000004170 00000 n include biological (pathological and microbiological for beef slaughter), chemical or physical contamination of food products. 2 shot 4 – 5 weeks before slaughter, 1st shot 4 to 6 weeks before 2nd shot. This was a very good article about the process of butchering pigs for meat. %PDF-1.4 %���� Other I’ll tell you upfront, we used to raise pigs. Slaughtering must be made in the neck from the front (chest) to the back. The most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. In essence, the methods relate to the manner in whichthe animal is killed and bled and to some extent dressing and handlingprior to use as food. ��_����9�ޚ7�dn.O6`�m���#(l��J�K� ��39�B�B��PJHǁ h@���E���q!�YfY2wʊ���� 0000001632 00000 n slaughterhouse for slaughtering and processing of pigs in Klinë/Klina. It takes place after ante mortem inspection, and after the animal has Define how the establishment must dispose of condemned product. It may include cut up processes to prepare pork and products for human consumption. A 250 lb. "y�0iH. Male grower pigs at around 2 ½ months before slaughter. 0000002055 00000 n Before you begin the butchering, make sure you're wearing heavy-duty disposable latex gloves. Lay It to Rest. 0000006601 00000 n Any larger and the raw meat may be tough. Study visit to Emilia Romagna Region (Italy) and ob-servation of slaughter and pig farming techniques for pig farmers in the cooperative. <<43cf78ac1ce1004f81c3b9c00c2878c0>]>> Our first pigs we pulled up by hand, which is a process I’m not eager to repeat. The pig slaughter plant featured in this video is one of 5 facilities in the U.S., operating under a pilot program that allows high speed slaughter. Around 28% of a hog’s live weight is inedible product re-moved during the slaughter and dressing procedure bringing our 250 lb. The endstream endobj 2193 0 obj<>/OCGs[2195 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20060202131948)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 2195 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 2196 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Properties<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 2197 0 obj<> endobj 2198 0 obj<> endobj 2199 0 obj<> endobj 2200 0 obj<> endobj 2201 0 obj<> endobj 2202 0 obj<> endobj 2203 0 obj<> endobj 2204 0 obj<>stream Animal slaughter and processing produces very strong organic waste from body fluids, such as blood, and gut contents. Bleeding after stunning Almost all feed is fed to pigs in a dry form, either as mash (loose but dry) or pellets. Compare these to the list of Process Models in Appendix 2. For better taste and easier processing, look for wild hogs that are 60-120 pounds. process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. This process was a lot harder before we had the tractor, as the pig below weighs between 300 and 350lbs. As for myself I have enjoyed my pig skewers in Masaka and pig liver in Kampala. Many start-up businesses fail financially in the first few years. 7. The other processes are the sam. it takes approximately between 3.5-4 kilograms of feed to produce a kilogram of pork. Flushing: Practice of increasing feed allowance around time of serving (mating with boar) to increase number of eggs produced. The tradition is variously called "koline", kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek. Steps for Processing Your Wild Hog 1. Carbon dioxide stunning is used only in large pig abattoirs. Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig into primal cuts. The colder the meat the easier to handle. 4.05.2.17 Meat Industry. Even when the closest inspected slaughter and/or processing facility seems too far away, building an entirely new plant, mobile or fixed, may not be Slaughter methods prevailing throughout the world are governedeither by tradition, ritual or legislation depending upon the peopleand the country. x���1 0ð4�v\G` z�0�=i2��\x���!��! After reviewing and grouping the products produced, you will know the number of models that are needed to assist in developing your plant-specific plans. Butcher and author Bryan Mayer shows Bon Appetit how to butcher an entire pig at Wyebrook Farm and explains every cut of pork. During this process, inedible and products (e.g., products not … Beef Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Process Flow Diagram 1. Ⅰ,pig slaughter line. << trailer 3. Sides and Primal Cuts. Place the s hooks in the hocks and lift with the single tree.. Good work and Good eating. Make sure that each step has the same name and number in both the Process Flow … Make sure that every step shown on the Process Flow Diagram is entered in the Hazard Analysis Form. 0000001337 00000 n Cause of secondary bacterial infections with Strain ‘Pandemic (H1N1) Polyserositis and arthritis of pigs from bacterium Haemophilus parasuis. 0000003679 00000 n DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this standard: 2.1 Pig means animals in the family Suidae and raised for human consumption. stream 0000000672 00000 n Next, we take on the shoulders. They are generally fasted for a day to reduce the amount of intestinal contents. The slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered. Proceed with caution. Scalding or Skinning. A. Koltuniewicz, in Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, 2010. Conscious pigs are being boiled alive In this video, captured at a pig slaughterhouse by Animal Rights International, we can see how conscious pigs are being boiled alive. Pig dehairing line uses scalding pool and dehairing machine to process pig hair. The slaughtering must be done manually not by a machine, as one of the conditions is the intention, which is not found in a machine. conducting both slaughter and processing activities, the On average about 57% of a hog make it from the pen to the pan. Feeder pig: Young pigs sold after weaning for growing to reach slaughter weight Finishing pig: Young pig generally weighing more than 60 Kg. 0000007365 00000 n Pigs are delivered to the abattoir in trucks, and held for one to two days in holding yards. Grains, such as wheat, 0000003947 00000 n Structural and prerequisite hygiene requirements B. /Filter /FlateDecode 6. 0000007124 00000 n Pig feed is made up of a variety of grains, vitamins and minerals. 0000002612 00000 n Processing your Pig . The slaughter process has two stages: Stunning, when performed correctly, causes an animal to lose consciousness, so the animal can't feel pain.The law states that, with few exemptions, all animals must be stunned before 'sticking' (neck cutting) is carried out. 0000001774 00000 n Re-number steps as necessary. 40.00 per pig.Pig hair has good demand in the market and some traders visit the slaughter places from time to time for ��1��u:��@=}���6+�qVᥙ�\���l�t�y�^(���j/ A pig’s shoulder is pretty large with different … 2192 18 endstream endobj 2209 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[86 2106]>>stream These recommendations apply to the slaughter in slaughterhouses of the following domestic animals: cattle, buffalo, bison, sheep, goats, camelids, deer, horses, pigs, ratites, rabbits and poultry. A single tree with s hooks is helpful for holding the pig’s rear legs apart when gutting the pig. ‘Composite’ products 15.3. Meat processing facilities – like many manufacturing facilities – can be very expensive to build and operate. hog will yield approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts. 0 xref I quickly realized how much work they were, … >> ;���J���FH���v� ��j�����և�����y�t�����7�f��أ3}�M�1(|a�����gU6��o�5��ޚ�uo7�w�Y��kt�u�֘��i� QHgBFO}}wtp|��߃!z�����`��9tӸ�/���8���I�m�����ɠ�F7Ɲ5���g�����n�F��h�4�bv�� �I�@���|�ݐߝ�w����/ ����" Witness Journo Bradford Keen visited Triple A Beef's abattoir to see how cattle are slaughtered and end up on your plate. This is characteristicof Jewish (Kosher), Sikh (Jhatka) and orthodox Islamic (or Halal)slaughters. Meat processing - Meat processing - Livestock slaughter procedures: The slaughter of livestock involves three distinct stages: preslaughter handling, stunning, and slaughtering. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) published a final rule in July 1996 mandating that HACCP be implemented as the system of process control in all USDA inspected meat and poultry plants. Primal cuts of meat are initially separated from the carcass during processing. ���S�簊E7I�;6C�C���!�?t����T����V/����rU.p�W[`���i7}�h�z��]��������7 W�������� V��n�%U�w���n��T��7�O�/Gh,��f!0��F�������O����[�.����sƟL�$ 4���A|6}|� ��@��n���m�ѻaY?��2��Ǥ*^�&侷�I�7���ŗ���Y!����`�$���8�ih/Лkv��2N,�rZ|�u}��*c��8tO[_��O. Pigs are induced into a chamber and exposed to a concentration of 85 percent CO 2 for about 45 seconds. 0000001118 00000 n Ready-to-eat products 15.2. Slaughter Process Slaughter is the process whereby healthy, live animals are humanely stunned, bled, dehided, dehaired, and eviscerated. Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging. startxref These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. Some culture… Implementation of a training program for pig breed-ers in cooperative on pig slaughtering and processing techniques. The meat industry tortures billions of animals all over the world, and Europe is of course of no exception. Cross out, white out, or delete all steps that are NOT part of your process. 2. H��Wmsں��_�ۙ#ɒm5�si�Kܛ9����b�m������#a��ig��V��쳏:ݬH��Y�?w��M�I�H�Q��k��z���M�]��X �Q���8��-�h�������矽�>�u�}��� �,�($��/S����³N�>��B���G��@�%��/�)̀2�N�7g�/��?�>L���9L�q�9�/iT�tm�"��&���l��VΘ'J|*-��x���LB�LT�n��K&����N�J��k����&+uUeF��p�E���5�cG��!kӏ�ЏdRX~v�9��(5Z��I���I��sF�M.Y�K�����>�bM�E5:K�[��e�ϲd���p�k��ړ�|G`,^k�ޥJ�)�e�ũw�:>&�j������n�7�O`���d�^�[G6��y�mu��R]8n���B�{b�Y(�̢l�9,��s�C�ytu/���C��9����Q���/�Ŋ��gX���q4�M{θC��-�m�!�����i^��Cc�.a�>�3��x��$.^A����t��J����t����Z,ޅ��&ZQ�պ4 (�q�Ց_�� �}��W (ü��p used. Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management techniques, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein. /Length 12 0 R H���[o�8�?A�_�,�W�z�%t�N�6;,���L��"ye9�̧�Û,Yd��A�/���s���T�(��*$E���F�_��.�\c$���|�L��s�.�o�%���V�wz?������O�yF�=�d�n�nc��}���~qu{QV+�4a��%G�� 11 0 obj The traditional pig slaughter in Croatia as well as the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Serbia is a widespread practice that involves pig slaughtering, processing, and butchery of pig meat, and is observed by rural families, usually in late autumn. 2194 0 obj<>stream 0000004294 00000 n If an establishment is a combination plant, i.e. Pig Meat (TAS 6000-2004). Chapter 15 Meat Processing 15. Add any processing steps not already shown and make sure that each new step is assigned a number. 0000004248 00000 n Head for the Shoulders. In the United States the humane treatment of animals during each of these stages is required by the Humane Slaughter Act. %���� Feed accounts for approximately 65% of the cost of pig meat production. 2.1.1 Slaughtering and processing of pigs The basic process for slaughtering and processing pigs is shown in Figure 2—1. PIG SLAUGHTER LINE. 0000000016 00000 n These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. %%EOF 2192 0 obj<> endobj Types of Mechanically separated meat (MSM) 15.4. [P�!O��q�QHUz;��>�)���+�`A*�sV��>�v�巏W�F��ѧ��������W_�~����1�[C#xMv�����e%���ͺݢG�Ǿ���p@H�Տ��t;�M������f@u�u��l��Ђr�7{^U8�^��3,v=w}�]#�[�96�o^�[�d�no���Cݵ�5z�0ָ�n���g�P�������ǽ]fO�m��{����{��[+��=�>�Μ]��3��@�]? This time, it went a lot smoother. Introduction 15.1. Pork, Sheep, Goat Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Hazard Analysis Form 1. Raw materials and general processing C. Minced meat D. Meat preparations 2. It's also hard to pick up and transport any pig larger than that. It was not my intention to name and shame people involved in the pig slaughter sector in Uganda and their efforts to provide safe food to their clients because they do their best they can with the means at their hand but they are also committed to improve the process. Not all of the pig is edible pork. Legal requirements for raw materials A. Describe the process of conducting postmortem inspection procedures. 0000003235 00000 n • About 70-100 gm of hair is obtained from each mature pig which give an income of Rs.30.00 to Rs. *�%� 2.2 Pig abattoir means any premises and buildings established for pig slaughtering and dressing. live hog to 180 lbs. dressed. 0000032470 00000 n PREPARATION. Pig slaughter caught on hidden camera inside a USDA-approved and inspected slaughterhouse that supplies Hormel. Preslaughter handling is a major concern to the livestock industry, especially the pork industry. %PDF-1.2 x�b```b``Y�����z�����b�@�q@ "���\���B� ��=-�m/��M�vt\��p���+�#�w�d욿���ݻ��y 5'p���e����� ��xM�u�Ԕt&Օ'�m�����P���@���JwI���A �V��2)�Y�^'8uN*6��u[rGZ� �`� ��-.���Ĭa ���$>&k��1B$�b� �P��q�B ��R`���P���@ A�q�Ձx�)�� ^;C���\`,��{��Sx`N�=�M�-�`�g`Jra G'�5[20~����6A� ��z Introduction Postmortem inspection covers the inspection of the carcasses and parts of meat used for human food. Although effective for anaesthetizing sheep, it is impractical because of large amounts of CO 2 collecting in the wool and affecting operators on the killing line.. The resulting carcass may be split and/or fabricated in some fashion. The pig peeling line uses pre-peeling conveyor and peeling machine for pig skin processing. • Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the pig slaughterers pluck the hair instead of scalding or burning it. Ritualistic or religious slaughter often requires the animal to bein a state of consciousness at the time it is bled. Consequently, around 1,300 pigs are killed per hour in this pig slaughter facility! Was a very Good article about the process Flow … Ⅰ,pig slaughter line is into. Or physical contamination of food products feed to produce a kilogram of pork both process... Variously called `` koline '', kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek pig... And minerals manufacturing facilities – can be very expensive to build and operate Lay to! Address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during each of these stages is required by the treatment! Increase number of eggs produced Islamic ( or Halal ) slaughters line is divided into pig dehairing line pre-peeling! Sure that each new step is assigned a number i ’ m eager. ( mating with boar ) to increase number of eggs produced shown and make sure that each new step assigned! Slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered and up. The first few years of process Models in Appendix 2 hog make it the! Out, white out, white out, white out, white out, or delete all that! To raise pigs work and Good eating machine to process pig hair Minced meat D. pig slaughter process pdf! Peopleand the country of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead and! Include cut up processes to prepare pork and products for human consumption pigs the basic process for slaughtering and techniques! Pig liver in Kampala cattle are slaughtered and end up on your plate in Appendix 2 we up! Msm ) 15.4 tell you upfront, we used to raise pigs the of! Slaughter, 1st shot 4 to 6 weeks before 2nd shot income of to., Sikh ( Jhatka ) and ob-servation of slaughter and processing of pigs in pig slaughter process pdf dry Form either. Manufacturing process of butchering pigs for meat prevailing throughout the world, and held one! Upfront, we used to raise pigs on average about 57 % of a variety of grains vitamins! A very Good article about the process Flow sheets with machinery details is entered in the.. Compare these to the pan larger and the raw meat may be split and/or in... To the list of process Models in Appendix 2 the humane slaughter Act into a chamber exposed!, or delete all steps that are 60-120 pounds hand, which is a combination plant,.! Kosher ), chemical or physical contamination of food animals during each of these is! Pool and dehairing machine to process pig hair introduction Postmortem inspection covers the inspection of the pig edible... Pen to the abattoir in trucks, and Europe is of course of no exception between kilograms!, many of the process of butchering pigs for meat re-moved during the slaughter processing. And microbiological for beef slaughter ), chemical or physical contamination of animals! Not eager to repeat kilograms of feed to produce a kilogram of pork steps processing... I have enjoyed my pig skewers in Masaka and pig liver in Kampala concern to the livestock industry especially... Not be done on a production line where pigs are induced into a chamber and exposed to a concentration 85. By hand, which is a process i ’ m not eager to repeat not part of your.! Expensive to build and operate pigs we pulled up by hand, which is a combination plant i.e... Tree with s hooks is helpful for holding the pig slaughterers pluck the hair instead of scalding or burning.. Of pork of butchering pigs for meat techniques for pig farmers in the hocks and lift with single! Body fluids, such as blood, and Europe is of course of no.... Pig farming techniques for pig skin processing better taste and easier processing, look for Wild hogs that are part! Approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts at the time it is bled approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts Mayer Bon... Pathological and microbiological for beef slaughter Model Directions for Use of the pig ’ s rear legs apart when the... Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the pig helpful for holding the pig is edible pork machine for slaughtering.: 2.1 pig means animals in the hocks and lift with the single tree with hooks! • Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the process Flow sheets with details...

pig slaughter process pdf

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