[35][36] The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd millennium BC. [25], The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.[c][26]. [312], There were almost 18.3 million connections to the Internet in June 2014. [360], The official language is Romanian, a Romance language (the most widely spoken of the Eastern Romance branch), which presents a consistent degree of similarity to Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian, but shares many features equally with the rest of the Western Romance languages, specifically Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Catalan. [183] To facilitate the coordination of their activities against Antonescu's regime, the National Liberal and National Peasants' parties established the National Democratic Bloc, which also included the Social Democratic and Communist parties. [9] It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. [321][322], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. An overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. A journey of three of four hours, by car or train, can take you from the Danube River to a beautiful, intact, medieval town; from Bucharest - Romania's capital city - to the Black Sea; from Southern Transylvania to the historic regions of Bucovina or Maramures. [347], According to the 2011 census, Romania's population is 20,121,641. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHitchins1991 (, Giurescu, "'Alegeri' după model sovietic", p.17 (citing Berry), 18 (citing Berry and note); Macuc, p.40; Tismăneanu, p.113. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie – HotNews.ro", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. [473], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[474] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. [201], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [186] Stalin's deputy instructed the King to make the Communists' candidate, Petru Groza, the prime minister in March 1945. [97] He defeated the Hungarian royal army in the Battle of Posada and secured the independence of Wallachia in 1330. [414] Multiple castles exist in Romania, including the popular tourist attractions of Peleș Castle,[415] Corvin Castle, and Bran Castle or "Dracula's Castle". It has been inhabited by humans since the Middle Paleolithic, some 60,000 years ago. [169][170], The 1938 Munich Agreement convinced King Carol II that France and the United Kingdom could not defend Romanian interests. At the Eurovision Song Contest Romanian singers achieved third place in 2005 and 2010. [231] Near the end of 2013, The Economist reported Romania again enjoying "booming" economic growth at 4.1% that year, with wages rising fast and a lower unemployment than in Britain. Romanian culture has merged with American culture, characterized by Romanian-born Americans adopting American culture or American-born people having strong Romanian heritage. [b] Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer exclusively to the principality of Wallachia. [67] The Romanians also adopted Old Church Slavonic as their liturgical language. Like many of the cities in Romania, Bucharest is the charismatic historical center. [135], The Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under the collective guardianship of the Great Powers in 1856. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=990747675, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. During the interwar period, the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to the US decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Jews who migrated to the US increased, mostly after the rise of the fascist Iron Guard. Explore Bucharest's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. [4], The Romanian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in full communion with other Orthodox churches, with a Patriarch as its leader. [200] A 2006 Commission estimated the number of direct victims of the Communist repression at two million people. [144] Ethnic Romanian politicians sharply opposed the Hungarian government's attempts to transform Hungary into a national state, especially the laws prescribing the obligatory teaching of Hungarian. [163], Agriculture remained the principal sector of economy, but several branches of industry—especially the production of coal, oil, metals, synthetic rubber, explosives and cosmetics—developed during the interwar period. [104] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. [37][38] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. The Constitutional Court (Curtea Constituțională) is responsible for judging the compliance of laws and other state regulations with the constitution, which is the fundamental law of the country and can only be amended through a public referendum. In October 2011, Romanians made up 88.9% of the population. [89] Royal charters wrote of the "Vlachs' land" in southern Transylvania in the early 13th century, indicating the existence of autonomous Romanian communities. There are some regional differences: in western sections, such as Banat, the climate is milder and has some Mediterranean influences; the eastern part of the country has a more pronounced continental climate. 4 Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkey span the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia. [80][81] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. [8][9], There were several Romanians who became officers in the Union Army during the American Civil War, including Brevet Brigadier General George Pomutz, commander of the 15th Iowa Infantry Regiment, Captain Nicolae Dunca, who fought and died in the Battle of Cross Keys, and Captain Eugen Ghica-Comănești, of the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry. [418][419] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. I am 21 years old and I'm a student at Danubius University. [295] Its cities are just as diverse in character and appearance. [187][188] The Romanian administration in Northern Transylvania was soon restored, and Groza's government carried out an agrarian reform. [425][426] Certain traditional recipes are made in direct connection with the holidays: chiftele, tobă and tochitura at Christmas; drob, pască and cozonac at Easter and other Romanian holidays. [397] [303] Romania's rail transport experienced a dramatic decline after 1989 and was estimated at 99 million passenger journeys in 2004, but has experienced a recent (2013) revival due to infrastructure improvements and partial privatisation of lines,[252] accounting for 45% of all passenger and freight movements in the country. [366] According to the 2012 Eurobarometer, English is spoken by 31% of Romanians, French is spoken by 17%, as well as Italian and German, each by 7%. [54] The Romans did not abandon their fortresses along the northern banks of the Lower Danube for decades, and Dobruja (known as Scythia Minor) remained an integral part of the Roman Empire until the early 7th century. [16] The two countries severed diplomatic ties after Romania declared war on the United States in 1941; and re-established them in 1947. [257], In the past, recent governments have stated that one of their goals is to strengthen ties with and helping other countries (in particular Moldova, Ukraine, and Georgia) with the process of integration with the rest of the West. Romanian documentary requirements for foreigners wishing to marry a Romanian citizen in Romania: The Government of Romania legally recognizes only civil marriage ceremonies that are performed in the City Hall in the area where the Romanian citizen resides. [10] The majority of these immigrants particularly those from Transylvania and Banat that were under Austro-Hungarian rule left their native regions because of economic depression and forced assimilation, a policy practiced by Hungarian rulers. Consiliul National pentru Studierea Ahivelor Securității, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, [Champions League: Once feared across Europe, Chelsea opponents Steaua Bucharest went the way of the Wall], United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, their invasion of Eastern and Central Europe, plea for the Transylvanian Romanians' emancipation, the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom, cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, King Michael I ordered Antonescu's arrest, movement for unification of Romania and Moldova, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, sixteen international commercial airports, villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, List of Romanian inventors and discoverers, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, world's third-largest Eastern Orthodox population, "International Association for Official Statistics", "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey", "The Story of the Romanian Royal Family – a Journey into the Past", "Romania during the period of neutrality", "One of the poorest countries in the EU could be its next tech-startup hub", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019", "How the State Shaped the Nation: an Essay on the Making of the Romanian Nation", Google Ngrams for Romania, Rumania, and Roumania, "Antiquity Vol 79 No 306 December 2005 The earliest salt production in the world: an early Neolithic exploitation in Poiana Slatinei-Lunca, Romania Olivier Weller & Gheorghe Dumitroaia", "A Lost European Culture, Pulled From Obscurity", International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania, "Executive Summary: Historical Findings and Recommendations", "Romania: Country studies – Chapter 1.7.1 "Petru Groza's Premiership, "Romania – Country Background and Profile", "Romania's Policy of Autonomy in the Context of the Sino-Soviet Conflict", Raportul Comisiei Prezidențiale pentru Analiza Dictaturii Comuniste din România, "Romania: Soviet Union and Eastern Europe", "Middle East policies in Communist Romania", "New Evidence on Romania and the Warsaw Pact, 1955–1989", "Institutul de Investigare a Crimelor Comunismului si Memoria Exilului Romanesc", "Evolution in Europe; Romanian miners invade Bucharest", Presa internationala despre alegerile din Romania: Traian Basescu a castigat la limita; Romanii au mici sperante sa se dezghete ajutorul de la FMI – International, "Romania profile – Leaders – BBC News-GB", "Deindustrialization and Urban Shrinkage in Romania.
Eucalyptus Big O, Fallout 3 Tracker, Child And Adolescent Psychiatry Fellowship Application Timeline, Online Landscaping Courses, Poems With Questions And Answers, How Do I Reset My Ge Washer Wifi, Love Knitting Wool Sale, Geek Ajazz Keyboard Software, It Executive Salary Malaysia, Cat Saves Dog From Coyote,